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Library Resource Guides: APA Referencing

Referencing at ANMF (Vic Branch)

The ANMF (Vic Branch) Education Centre uses the APA referencing style.

Contact library staff if you need help with referencing.

APA online help

Search for examples of referencing styles from the APA website and other education institutes.

Database citations

Our online databases will help you format your citations. You will need to double-check the results you get, as the citations often need some clean-up. Here are instructions for our two databases.

EBSCO databases (e.g., CINAHL) - When you click the title of an article, there are icons at the top of the page for "Print," "E-mail" "Save as File," and "Cite this article"; each of these choices gives you an option to include a citation in the APA style.

ProQuest databases (e.g., Nursing & Allied Health Source) - When you have displayed an article, click the "Cite this" link at the top.

Ask library staff if you need assistance.

Format for an APA reference list

Tip for formatting your  APA reference list

 

Authors names use an ambersand (&) between two or more authors rather than and

Journal titles

italicise the title

Title of books

the title is italicised

 

Page numbers list numbers completely (176-179, not 176-9 or 176-79)

Line spacing

the reference list is double-spaced

 

Acceptable abbreviations

no date n.d.  
no publisher n.p.  

Other citation sources

Google Scholar is a great source for government publications, reports and conference papers. 

You can use the Cite link (click on the quotation symbol) to open a list of citation styles to copy to your reference list. 

Referencing video content

 

How do I reference video content from YouTube?

Author, X. (Year, Month Day). Title of video [Video file]. Retrieved from www.youtube.com/specificurl

In-text citation: (Author, Year)

 

How do I reference video content from a DVD?
 
Lippincott. (2011). Lippincott's nursing health assessment video series [DVD]. New York: Lippincott Williams.
 
In-text citation: (Lippincott, 2011)

Apps for Referencing

Reference management tools

Mendeley is a free reference manager and academic social network that can help you organise your research. Mendeley Desktop is available on Mac, Windows and Linux.
EndNote is a licenced reference management tool. Check with your education or health service if they have an institutional site licence

ANMF (Vic Branch) Library's APA Referencing Tool

The ANMF (Vic Branch) library have created a multimedia tool to assist you with your referencing. It allows you select the type of material that you want to reference (e.g. book, journal article, web page, etc.) and then leads you to an example of a citation and reference for this particular resource type.

Referencing books

 

How do I reference a book bone author?

Author, X. (Year). Title: Subtitle. Place of publication: Publisher

In-text citation: (Author, Year)

 

How do I reference a book by more than one author?

Author, X., & Author, X. (Year). Title. Place of publication: Publisher

In-text citation: (Author & Author, Year)

Example: Lilley, L. L., Rainforth Collins, S. & Snyder, J. S. (2014). Pharmacology and the nursing process (7th ed.). St. Louis, MI: Elsevier Mosby.

In text citation: (Lilley, Rainforth Collins & Snyder, 2014, p. 118) Add page number for direct quotes.

 

How do I reference a chapter in an edited book?

Author, X. (year). 'Title of chapter', in Editor's initial + family name (Ed.), Title of book. Place of publication: Publisher.

Example: Jones, B. (2013). ‘Nursing assessment and diagnosis', in J Crisp, C Taylor, C Douglas & G Rebeiro (Eds.), Potter & Perry's Fundamentals of Nursing (4th ed.). Chatswood, NSW: Elsevier.

In-text citation: (Jones, 2013)

How do I reference an e-book? Omit the city and publisher

Author, X. (Year). Title of book. Retrieved from <url>

In-text citation: (Author, Year)

 

Referencing articles

 
How do I reference an article from a print journal?
 
Author or authors,the surname is followed by first initial/s. Year of publication (in round brackets). Article title. Journal title (in italics), Volume of journal (in italics) Issue number of journal in round brackets (no italics), Page range of article.
 
Example: Haydon, P. & van der Riet, P. (2014). A narrative inquiry: How do nurses respond to patients' use of humour? Contemporary Nurse 46(2), 197-205
 
In-text citation: (Haydon & van der Piet, 2014)
 

How do I reference an article from a database?

Brinkman-Denney, S. (2013). An international comparison of the clinical trials nurse role, Nursing Management - UK, 20(8), 32-40. Retrieved from CINAHL Plus with Full Text, EBSCOhost.

In-text citation: (Brinkman-Denney, 2013)

 

How do I reference an article from online?

Murray, N. (2012). A report on a pilot English language intervention model for undergraduate trainee nurses, Journal of Academic Language & Learning, 6(1), 48-63. Retrieved from http://journal.aall.org.au/index.php/jall/article/view/135/128

In-text citation: (Murray, 2012)

 

How do I reference an article from a DOI?

Wakimizu, R., Fujioka, H., & Yoneyama, A. (2010). Empowerment process for families rearing children with developmental disorders in Japan, Nursing & Health Sciences, 12(3), 322–328. doi: 10.1111/j.1442-2018.2010.00533.x

In-text citation: (Wakimizu, Fujioka & Yoneyama, 2010)

 

What is a DOI? Digital object identifier: the unique digital identifier of an electronic document; metadata includes the online location of the document

Referencing websites

 
From the Australian Bureau of Statistics:
 
Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2013). Measures of Australia's progress (No. 1370.0). Canberra, ACT. Retrieved from Australian Bureau of Statistics website http://www.abs.gov.au
 
In-text citation: (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2013)
Subsequent in-text citation: (ABS, 2013)
 
How do I reference a government document?
 
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2014). Coronary heart disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Indigenous Australians (Cat. no. IHW 126). Canberra: AIHW. Retrieved from Australian Institute of Health and Welfare website http://www.aihw.gov.au/publication-detail/?id=60129547716
 
In-text citation: (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2014)
Subsequent in-text citation: (AIHW, 2014)
 

How do I reference a website?

Electronic publication: Corporate Author, Initial(s). (Year). Title of document. Reviewed from website <URL>.

Victorian WorkCover Authority (n.d.) Alcohol. Retrieved from State Government Victoria website http://www.vwa.vic.gov.au/safety-and-prevention/health-and-safety-topics/alcohol.

In-text citation: (Victorian WorkCover Authority, n.d.)

Referencing legal sources

 

How do I reference online Australian Legislation?

Short Title of Act (in italics) Year (in italics) Jurisdiction abbreviation (in round brackets) Section number and subdivision if applicable Country abbreviation (in round brackets). Reference should cite the electronic source if it is the official version.

Example: Work Health and Safety Act 2011 (Cth) s.274 (Austl.) Retrieved from https://www.legislation.gov.au/Details/C2015C00472

 In-text citation: The Work Health and Safety Act 2011 (Cth) states ...

 

How do I reference a Victorian Act?

Title of Act (in italics) Year (in italics) Jurisdiction abbreviation (in round brackets) Section number and subdivision if applicable Country abbreviation (in round brackets).

Example: Safe Patient Care (Nurse to Patient and Midwife to Patient Ratios) Act 2015 (Vic) s. 35.2 (Austl.)

 In-text citation: ... according to s. 35.2 of the Safe Patient Care (Nurse to Patient and Midwife to Patient Ratios) Act 2015 (Vic) ...

 

How do I reference a Case?

Case name (in italics) Year (put in square brackets) Unique court identifer (the case should identify the relevant unique court identifer) Judgement number (this number is allocated by the court for the relevant year) The judgement date (in round brackets)

Example: Robin Hansen v Calvary Health Care Adelaide Limited [2016] FWC 1945 (9 March 2016). Retrieved from https://jade.io/j/#!/citation/4364061

In-text citation: Case name (in italics, comma) and the year (all in round brackets)

... in an unfair dismissal case (Robin Hansen v Calvary Health Care Adelaide Limited, 2016).

Referencing other sources

 

How do I reference a tweet?

Aiken, L. [LindaAiken]. (2014, May 6). Better#nursestaffing and education saves lives.@PennNursing #RN4Cast @Penn_CHOPR @LeonardDavisIns Linda  Aiken Blog bit.ly/1juU38s [Tweet]. Retrieved from https://twitter.com/LindaAiken_Penn/status/ 463357638651424769
 
In-text citation: (Aitken, 2014)

 

How do I reference an app ?

Example: Skyscape. (2013). Skyscape Medical Resources (Version 1.17.42) [Mobile application software]. Retrieved from http://itunes.apple.com

In-text citation: (Author & Author, Year)